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徽派中式古建筑的特色跟形成原因

来源:/news/427.html 发布日期:2021-12-21

1:徽派建筑大多位于深山之中。徽派建筑和徽商的兴盛脱不开关系,商人自然会多出门,且徽商大多信奉儒家观念,这点都融入到徽派建筑之中。得到二条信息;2:当时屋中多为老人妇女儿童;徽商赚的钱大多涌来建设家园;徽商信奉儒家理念。古时建筑多为木框架,木架构建筑和今天的钢筋混凝土其实是一个理,框架承重,隔墙和框架是完全分开的。这样的建筑灵活多变,却耐不住大火。而当时的徽州地区惜地如金,房屋呈聚落分布。

1: Most of the Hui style buildings are located in the mountains. Hui style architecture is inseparable from the prosperity of Hui merchants. Merchants naturally go out more, and most Hui merchants believe in Confucianism, which is integrated into Hui style architecture. Get two pieces of information; 2: At that time, most of the houses were old people, women and children; Most of the money made by Huizhou merchants poured into the construction of their homes; Huizhou merchants believe in Confucianism. In ancient times, most buildings were wood frames. Wood frame buildings are actually the same as todays reinforced concrete. The frame load-bearing, partition wall and frame are completely separated. Such a building is flexible, but it cant stand the fire. At that time, the land in Huizhou was as precious as gold, and the houses were distributed in settlements.

3:建筑密集,大多为木架构。现在大家可以想想当时的社会环境,古代交通是个大问题,信息闭塞,山地多匪贼。由1知徽派建筑周边环山之中必然多匪寇,由2知徽商家中必然多财,且无太多年轻男人。这样的环境下诞生了徽派建筑的一个特点:高墙小窗。
3: The buildings are dense, mostly wooden structures. Now we can think about the social environment at that time. In ancient times, traffic was a big problem. There were many bandits and thieves in the mountains. From 1, we know that there must be many bandits in the surrounding mountains of Hui style buildings, and from 2, we know that there must be more money in Hui merchants, and there are not too many young men. In this environment, a characteristic of Hui style architecture was born: high walls and small windows.
徽派建筑怕火,真起了大火也无足够人手将其扑灭,且一旦起火整个村落都会遭殃。这样的环境下出现了马头墙。徽商兴盛靠的是信用清白,白墙黛瓦;当然,也可以说是黑白两色为两;又或者说黑白是山水画,这是徽州人的情怀。再者徽商好儒道,儒家说君子讷于言而敏于行,再把这句话稍加理解无非是少说话多做事,你看起来不要多好,但一定要胸中有沟壑。人如此,建筑亦如此。外面朴实无华内里精致。
Hui style buildings are afraid of fire. If there is a fire, there are not enough people to put it out, and once the fire breaks out, the whole village will suffer. In this environment, horse head wall appeared. The prosperity of Huizhou merchants depends on the innocence of credit, white walls and black tiles; Of course, it can also be said that black and white are two colors; Or black and white is landscape painting, which is the feelings of Huizhou people. Moreover, Huizhou merchants are good at Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism says that a gentleman is slow in speech and quick in action. A little understanding of this sentence is nothing more than talking less and doing more. You dont look so good, but you must have a gully in your chest. So is man, so is architecture. Its plain outside and exquisite inside.
徽派建筑主要分三种,民居、牌坊、祠堂,这三种并称为徽派建筑的
There are three main types of Hui Style Architecture: folk houses, memorial archways and ancestral halls, which are also called the main types of Hui style architecture
首先是民居,民居给人的一感觉就是赏心悦目,古朴清雅是它的代名词,外观上看,主要是由白墙黑瓦构成,白墙黑瓦与青山绿水相辉映,使其看起来十分和谐。民居还有一大特色是马头墙,也就是所谓的风火墙。因为当时农田较少,山地偏多,人们往往喜欢抱团而居。徽派建筑还有个很重要的作用就是保护家里的妇孺,因家中成年男子大多外出经商,妇孺缺乏保护,这也形成了徽派建筑高墙深院的特点。
The first is the folk house. The feeling of the folk house is pleasing to the eyes. Simplicity and elegance are synonymous with it. From the appearance, it is mainly composed of white walls and black tiles. The white walls and black tiles reflect the green mountains and green waters, making it look very harmonious. Another feature of folk houses is the horse head wall, which is the so-called wind and fire wall. Because there were less farmland and more mountains at that time, people often liked to live together. Huizhou architecture also plays a very important role in protecting women and children at home. Because most adult men go out to do business, women and children lack protection, which also forms the characteristics of high walls and deep courtyard of Huizhou architecture.
其次是祠堂, 因为当时属于宗法社会,实行宗族制,所以祠堂很多,祠堂一般分三进,主要是进行日常开会,商量事宜,包括判罚、处分等等,可以见得当时徽派建筑的丰富多元及徽商的繁荣。而牌坊的功能主要就是表彰功名、歌颂道德,当时一些义士,给皇帝做过贡献的都会立牌坊,颂其功德义举,并且整个徽州的牌坊大约占全国的一半,可以见得其当时的辉煌。
The second is the ancestral hall. Because it belonged to the patriarchal society and implemented the patriarchal system at that time, there were many ancestral halls. The ancestral halls were generally divided into three parts, mainly holding daily meetings and discussing matters, including punishment and punishment. We can see the rich diversity of Hui architecture and the prosperity of Hui merchants at that time. The main function of the memorial archway was to commend meritorious deeds and praise morality. At that time, some righteous men who had made contributions to the emperor would set up memorial archways to praise their meritorious deeds. Moreover, the memorial archways in Huizhou accounted for about half of the country, so we can see their brilliance at that time.
以上就是为大家先容的徽派中式古建筑工程的详细的先容,希翼对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系大家.大家将以专业的态度,为您提供服务.
The above is the detailed introduction of Huizhou Chinese ancient architecture project. I hope it will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service

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