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徽派古民居建筑的情调你羡慕吗?

来源:/news/421.html 发布日期:2021-11-30

走进美丽的徽州,“乡村如星列棋布,凡五里十里,遥望粉墙矗矗,鸳瓦鳞鳞,棹楔峥嵘,邸吻耸拔,宛若城郭”。触动视觉神经的,是秀美的水口风光。震撼心灵的,是叠递式的马头墙。意味深长的是幽静的窄小巷。这些散落珍珠般的古民居,融山水人精神一炉;集人文道德于一统,将乡土民居携入了东方学问很高的境地。

Entering the beautiful Huizhou, "the countryside is dotted with stars, where five miles and ten miles, looking at the pink wall, the Mandarin tile scales, the wedge is towering, and the di kiss is towering, just like a city Guo". Touching the visual nerve is the beautiful Shuikou scenery. What shocked the soul was the overlapping horsehead wall. Meaningful is the quiet narrow lane. These ancient houses scattered like pearls melt the spirit of landscape people; Integrating humanities and morality, it has brought local houses into a high position of Oriental culture.

古民居张扬着山区学问的个性,是一首恬淡的乡土诗。徽州山民自古陶醉于“手捧苞芦 果,脚料炭火 ,快活似,除了皇帝就是我”的生活,追求平淡、素雅、清闲的人居环境。从大量明清遗存看,徽州民居,因地制宜,依山傍水,聚族而居,层楼叠院,鳞次栉比。或掩映于林竹间,或遮掩 于山石后;或劈山为路,过河搭桥;或筑渠引水,搬土为塘,真可谓“四边都是清凉国,一室可为安乐窝”。
Ancient folk houses publicize the personality of mountain culture and are a quiet local poem. Since ancient times, the mountain people in Huizhou have been intoxicated with the life of "holding bracts of reed and fruit in their hands and charcoal fire in their feet. They are like me except the emperor". They pursue a plain, elegant and leisure living environment. Judging from a large number of Ming and Qing Dynasty relics, Huizhou Folk Houses are row upon row according to local conditions, close to mountains and rivers, gather ethnic groups and live in stacked houses. Or hidden in the forest and bamboo, or behind the rocks; Or split mountains for roads, cross rivers and build bridges; Or build canals to divert water and move soil into ponds. It can be said that "all sides are cool countries, and one room can be a comfortable nest".
步入古民居,无论是从意境上还是从架势上,都是一种置身世外桃园的超脱,一种和谐,一种人的个性的释放。战乱颠簸流离的经历,让徽州始迁祖对安土再迁犹为看重。卜居选址。他们在土著山越人简朴安详的生活中得到了共鸣,找到了归宿。徽州人精心筑室,须经数代人不倦努力,故流传着“一代做屋,三代装修”的民谚。
Stepping into ancient houses, whether in terms of artistic conception or posture, is a kind of detachment, a kind of harmony and the release of peoples personality. The experience of war, turbulence and exile made the first ancestors of Huizhou pay more attention to the relocation of Antu. Site selection of Bu residence. They resonated and found a home in the simple and peaceful life of the indigenous Shanyue people. Huizhou people carefully build houses, which requires the tireless efforts of several generations, so there is a folk saying "one generation makes houses, three generations decorate".
民居建筑,多为就地取材的砖木石结构,渐渐地形成了粉墙黛瓦,马头山墙,三间二厢,中轴对称,天井堂院的徽派模式,到明清时基本定型。民宅的形式,一般俗称为“三间屋”,有明三间,暗三间,回廊三间之别。民居个性主要表现在:取黑白的然色泽,感观对比强烈;借常见的古树、修竹、篱笆点缀,营造田园氛围;让普通的山墙、挑檐、门楼稍作造型夸张,凸显审美效果。民居的精致,甚至向园林化发展,是后来徽商中斗富比阔,在“三雕”和庭院上作秀引发的。
Residential buildings, mostly brick, wood and stone structures based on local materials, gradually formed the Hui Style Model of pink wall, black tile, Matou Mountain wall, three two compartments, central axis symmetry and courtyard, which was basically finalized in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The form of folk house is commonly known as "three rooms", which is divided into three rooms: bright, dark and corridor. The personality of folk houses is mainly reflected in: Taking the natural color of black and white, with strong sensory contrast; Use common ancient trees, bamboo and fences to create an idyllic atmosphere; Let the ordinary Gables, cornices and gatehouses exaggerate slightly to highlight the aesthetic effect. The delicacy of folk houses, and even the development of gardens and forests, was later triggered by Huizhou merchants competing for wealth and making a show in the "Three Sculptures" and courtyards.
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